ЭЛЕКТРООКУЛОГРАФИЯ (от лат. oculus — глаз + греч. grapho — пишу) — метод регистрации движений глаз, основанный на графической фиксации изменения электрического потенциала сетчатки и глазных мышц. Существующая между дном глаза и роговицей разность электрических потенциалов (у человека передний полюс глаза положителен, а задний — отрицателен) характеризует постоянный потенциал глаза. Электрическая ось глазного яблока практически совпадает со зрительной линией (см. Линия взора). Ее можно рассматривать как ось диполя, вокруг которой имеется симметричное электрическое силовое поле. При повороте глаза положение полюсов диполя по отношению к данным пунктам на орбите изменяется. Возникающая в это время разность потенциалов и характеризует направление, амплитуду и скорость движения глаза. Это изменение, зарегистрированное графически, называется электроокулограммой (ЭОГ). Недостаток метода состоит в том, что он позволяет регистрировать движения глаз не меньше чем в 1° по амплитуде.

Источник: Б.Г. Мещеряков, В.П. Зинченко «Большой психологический словарь»


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